Metastasis: How does Cancer Spread?

Metastasis: How does Cancer Spread?

While people often talk about types of cancer as though they are all the same, it really couldn’t be further from the truth. Not only are different cancer types very diverse but also each individual type can have their own subtypes, along with different phases the cancer itself can be in. These phases are loosely based on how far the cancer has spread from the original site. The spread of cancer to other types of the body is known as metastasis.

Immunotherapy: Frequently Asked Questions

In our ongoing attempt to get our community better acquainted with what we do at OncoSec, we’ve been creating more dialogue around our ImmunoPulse program and recent clinical trial data. With the expanding biotech landscape, we find it important to educate the public about topics of interest that are directly impacting the way medicine is being researched and treatment options created. The field of immunotherapy is one of these fields on the cutting edge of medical advancements. Here we’ve compiled a list of four frequently asked questions about immunotherapy:

What is Combination Therapy?

More and more, a one-size-fits-all approach to medicine has been shown to simply be ineffective. With resistant strains of disease, genetic differences in patients and the requirement for more effective (yet less damaging) treatment options, modern medicine is beginning to change its approach. With more attention paid towards personalized medicine, attempts at fewer side effects and ongoing research into gene therapy and immunotherapy, we are now seeing a pronounced shift. One method gaining a lot of attention is combination therapy.

Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy and Immunotherapy

With the severity of many cancer cases, the treatment of cancer is regarded as a very sensitive area. Strict regulations surround the research and delivery of treatment, there are specific protocols used by doctors in diagnosis, and long established doctrine often governs which treatment option is used. Because of these factors, a few cornerstone treatments have surfaced over the years, which still make up the majority of treatments. The two options used most often, aside from surgery for early-stage tumors, are chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Today, we take a look at each therapy method and compare them to immunotherapy.

Why does OncoSec use Immunotherapy?

In biotech, there are many different approaches or veins of science used, in the research and creation of potential treatments, drugs, and delivery methods. For centuries, the health industry has relied on invasive surgery and curative procedures that can have dangerous, long-term side effects for patients. However, there are some newer scientific discoveries that have allowed us to move towards more effective treatment options that are also less damaging to our bodies. One of these categories of research is that of immunotherapy: using the body against disease, instead of relying on as many non-targeted, exterior factors.

Misconceptions about Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are a requirement, for any new drug or treatment method attempting to gain approval for public use. The process is meant to show the effectiveness, safety, stability and repeatable nature of the proposed treatment, in order to prove that it works. Clinical trials are a long, intensive process that takes years and millions of dollars to complete. In fact, it is believed that the average drug costs $1.3 billion, to bring it to the point of sale, and as much as $11 billion.

Cancer Advocates and the Community Approach to Fighting Cancer

Cancer is a complex public and personal issue. With so many factors increasing and decreasing cancer risk, some of the data can be both confusing and confounding. As well, cancer generally takes a period of years to develop: something that makes people less aware of the dangers. It takes a certain level of knowledge, compassion, and drive to help bridge the gap between the medical treatment of cancer, prevention, and the public. This is where the cancer advocate comes in.

Diseases and Viruses on the Rise

From time to time, different diseases and viruses see an increase in cases. It is important to know which ailments may be on the rise, in order to aid in prevention and awareness. While some countries may experience outbreaks that are dissimilar to other areas around the world, some are prevalent internationally. We’ve compiled a list of 4 that have had a recent global impact but especially in America:

OncoSec's ImmunoPulse Immunotherapy Treatment for Melanoma

 

While easily the most prominent and well-known skin cancer, melanoma can either be quite slow moving (remaining in the skin) or aggressive (moving to remote areas of the body). Thankfully, many cases are caught in their early cases and surgeons are able to remove malignant areas. However, for more aggressive instances of melanoma, treatment has shown to have debilitating side effects for patients, and, the later the stage of the cancer, the more challenging it is to treat with traditional methods. Be that as it may, recent evidence has suggested that the immune system may be the key to a higher-rate of successful later-stage treatment, as well as being less harmful and intrusive for cancer patients.


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